WPTC crop update as of 22 July 2022
, Sophie Colvine
- 2022 Season
As the harvest starts in most countries in the northern hemisphere, water availability and extreme heat seem to be a factor of concern in many regions.
WPTC World Production estimate as of 22 07 2022
All the factories are now open and it is the middle of the summer season. Weather is favourable and quality is good with high brix and colour. Growers increased the price of fresh tomatoes to an average 97-100 euro/ton at field gate due to the increment in agricultural inputs.
The situation is similar with the heatwave accelerating the ripening and causing some concerns. In the south-east two factories opened this week and quality is good. There is however concerns regarding the mid and late crop following the heat which could cause some flower abortion and blossom end rot. There is no issue with water availability in the region with fields irrigated from the Rhone River. In the south-west, where the harvest should start at the end of week 31, around 5 August, there may be issue with irrigation at the end of the season. The forecast remains 150,000 to 155,000 tonnes. Tomato fruit moth and spider mites could become a concern in the late crop.
The harvest started a few days ago in the south and will do so next week in the central region. Some localized rain did not affect the crop and the forecast remains unchanged at 370,000 tonnes.
End of June and July brought daily temperature records with ~40 °C without any precipitation. There are fields which got only 60-70 mm natural precipitation in the whole year until now and no rain is expected in the near future. Eastern part of Hungary suffered from the heat and serious drought developed in the main processing tomato areas as well. Many tomato fields showed signs of serious water deficit because the irrigation capacities are not sufficient in these extraordinary conditions. As a result of this situation we have to reduce the annual tomato crop forecast to 90,000 tonnes.
North – Some factories started on Monday 18 July with pomodorini and datterini tomatoes. A few more are scheduled to start later this week but most will open by 25 July, a week earlier than last year. The heatwaves in June and in July have accelerated ripening and have caused some flower abortion which will reduce yields for the mid and late season, but it is too early to forecast. There is a serious concern over water availability as no water can be pumped from most rivers since last week and in will be difficult to irrigate all the land from wells, and it will be more expensive. So far quality (brix, colour) seem good. The picture will be clearer in a couple of weeks and the forecast remains 2.75 million tonnes for the moment.
South - The situation is similar with the high temperatures likely to affect the yield of the late crop. There is no concern over water availability for the areas irrigated from the Occhito reservoir, which is full, although irrigating other zones from wells in the late season could be difficult as it has not rained in the last two months. The crop is about a week early with some factories starting processing specialties last week. Most plants will start with round tomatoes later this week and at the beginning of August for long ones. Quality seems good although there is concern over the consistency for diced tomatoes due to the heat so factories are starting processing these early. Gas price is a major concern for the factories which do not have a fixed price contract.
The heatwave last week with up to 45°C is likely to affect yields especially in sandy areas, but effects will be fully known in the middle of the season. Maturation is accelerated and some factories will start at the end of next week, but most will open during the first week of August. The forecast is kept unchanged at 1.4 million tonnes.
Extremadura and other plants in the region should start next week. In Andalusia, production will be 60% less than last year with several factories not opening or reducing volumes. Harvest in this region will also start next week, while in the north it will start in mid-August. All regions have been affected by the heatwaves and it will be a challenging season. Early yield is expected to be down but the forecast currently remains unchanged at 2.385 million tonnes.
As of 18 July, 55% of the total area of ??12,671 hectares has been harvested with an average yield of only 48.1 t/ha, due to the lack of water, high temperatures and late planting of part of the surfaces. Consequently, only 332,315 tonnes have been processed to date, a decrease of 58.5% compared to the quantities processed on the same date in 2021. 20,751 tonnes were processed per day on average during the period from 11 to 18 July. Due to the low yield, the forecast is reduced from 850,000 tonnes to 600,000 tonnes.
The harvest only started a few days ago in the south after the Eid celebrations. The spot prices are currently higher than the contracts at around 2100 TRY (116 euros- 119 USD) but for small volumes. It is too early to make any change to the forecast of 2.1 million tonnes.
The crop should be between 150,000 and 200,000 tonnes depending on whether the Russians will have left the area or where the front line will be at the time of processing. The tomato paste stocked in the factory occupied by the Russians in the Kherson area is apparently being offered for trading without the authorization of its rightful owner and should therefore not be bought as it is a criminal activity.
Tomato field in Ukraine in July 2022 (photo credit: Inagro)
No change to the forecast as the fields are in good conditions.
The estimate is to process 676,380 short tons (613,602 metric tonnes) this week. At the end of this week (week ending 7/23) we will have processed 1,113,282 short tons (1,109,687 metric tonnes). The past ten days have seen a return of temperatures over 100 °F (37.8°C) in most parts of the state. Harvest in the Southern part of the State is in full swing and deliveries should begin to pick up in the North next week. The early fields in July are performing below contract on average due to the spring growing period.
Overall, the tomato crop looks good, despite dry weather conditions in Ontario. We received a small amount of rain in the last few days, with more forecasted, which will help to improve both quality and yields. Disease pressure has remained low throughout the season. There is some incidence of blossom end rot in the earlier planted crop due to the dry weather. Harvest is set to begin in mid-August.
The estimate has not changed since the last report with a planted surface of 470 ha for a total volume of tomatoes to be processed of 29,000 tonnes. From the end of June to the beginning of July, the hot days continued nationwide, and the growth was slightly delayed, but by the middle of July, it is on a recovery trend. In some parts of the Kanto region, harvesting has started in early July.
South Africa planned a 2,200-ha crop for 166,000 tonnes to be harvested in 2022. About 80% of planned volumes are being processed. The season will end in October 2022 and currently forecast to 120,000 tonnes or even lower. The winter production areas received out of season precipitation, which put producer yields and factory deliveries in declining trend. The average yield of 75 t/ha has already declined to a 55 t/ha crop.
WPTC world production estimate:
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